Chad: Country Assessment

Affordability to water as a human right is recognised in the national legal framework in Chad. This was discovered in the legal assessment conducted by Human Right 2 Water to determine how the human rights to water and sanitation (HRWS) and the human right to a clean and healthy environment (HRHE) support each other in the legislation. This legal gap analysis provides an opportunity to promote dialogue with national actors and support practical implementation to fulfill the HRWS.

Download the full Country Assessment: here

The analysis starts with an overview of the international and regional treaties related to water and the environment that have been signed and ratified by the country. It then continues to explore the domestic legislation regarding laws on water, sanitation and the environment.

It then explores the elements in the domestic legislation that capture the relevant laws on water, sanitation and the environment through the framework of the criteria and principles of the HRWS. Transversal to both is the human rights-based approach (HRBA), and the framework principles for the HRHE add the important sustainability aspects that are sometimes missing in the standard HRWS approach.

The dashboard summary of Chad pictured to the right, references that the HRHE is included in its constitution, as are both the rights to water and sanitation. The analysis references the relevant laws which are specific to both the environment and water resources and the policies and major regulatory mechanisms that are related to the HRWS.

The analysis also includes a detailed analysis regarding the SDG6 Targets, many of which are reflected in the criteria of the HRWS. The overview (the table in the picture on the right) provides a summary of how well the laws or policies of the country support the criteria and principles of the HRWS. It can be seen that significant efforts have been made to develop laws on water quality and safety in addition to the affordability of drinking water.

For detailed references and analysis please download the full report here.

The final section of the report looks at the administrative procedures for complaints and the judicial processes. Chad has many of these mechanisms in place including a functioning national human rights institution plus a range of relevant regulations.

Disclaimer: This is not a statement of compliance nor a legal review of this country. White & Case has provided valuable pro bono assistance for this project but bears no responsibility for the benchmarking of countries in the dashboard which reflects the sole view of Human Right 2 Water.