Human Right 2 Water has partnered with several stakeholders to develop several projects in Uganda. You can find below a summary of the programmes we have participated in to help authorities guarantee the human rights to water and sanitation as well as other rights into their constitution. It is thanks to the support of the Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the Danish Development Agency (DANIDA), the National Association for Women’s Action in Development (NAWAD), SIWI, the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), WaterAid and White and Case that we are able to continue to provide these services.

Country Assessment for Uganda
Legal Country Mapping for Uganda, 2015

Country Assessment

The recognition of the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment emerges in response to the increasing environmental degradation that endangers the ability of future generations to enjoy this human right. In October 2021, through the adoption of Resolution 48/13, the Human Rights Council first recognized the right to a clean and healthy environment. This resolution is a call for states to cooperate together and build capacity to protect the environment. Then, in July 2022, the human right to a clean and healthy environment was officially recognized as a human right by the General Assembly. Furthermore, this resolution has also focused on raising awareness that human rights cannot be addressed individually. Instead, states and actors need to focus on integrating and ensuring the realization of all human rights alongside the right to a healthy environment.

As a result, HR2W has refined our country legal mapping to also include the water related elements of human right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment. This methodology is framed around our usual assessment on the human rights to water and sanitation.

We acknowledge with thanks, the support from White and Case for applying this assessment to Uganda, the report of which can be found with the other country mappings on this page here.

Legal Country Mapping

Legal and policy mappings access the extent to which the human rights to water and sanitation are included in national legislation and provide an invaluable tool for identifying areas of concern.

This review of national and international water governance frameworks is made in with the international human rights legal framework in mind. Through this analysis we can identify laws which support realisation of access to safe water and adequate sanitation. 

Beyond finding the laws which are present, one key component of the mapping involves identifying the gaps within the framework where the laws do not include the various normative criteria for the rights to water and sanitation. The identification of these gaps most significantly provides an opportunity to begin dialogue and action in the way of law and policy reform extending to supporting practical implementation to further the fulfilment of the human rights to water and sanitation.

The Legal Country Mapping was first completed in 2015. The Country Assessment which also includes the human right to a clean, safe and healthy environment (adopted by the UNGA on July 2022 resolution (A/76/L.75)) is a more recent assessment is still under review and will be published soon. For access to the original Legal Country Mapping studies view here.